Lawn Care Maintenance Tips

Lawn Mower Maintenance Tips

Lawn Mower Maintenance Tips To Keep The Lawn Around Your Ham Radio Shack Looking Great

Having a ham radio shack surrounded by a garden was one of the best decisions I have ever made. It makes the surrounding area of my ham radio shack looks relaxing to the point that I drink my morning coffee on a chair just right outside the door of my shack which I usually do near a window inside my house. But of course, there are also some disadvantages to it and one of them is keeping your lawns well maintained otherwise it will look like a jungle. A lawnmower will be your best friend when you want to keep your lawn and garden looking great!

Here are some lawn mower maintenance tips to keep the lawn around your radio shack looking great! 

1. Clean Your Mower

Give your mower a good whack to get rid of the dead grass and bits of waste that don’t end up being ground out. Make sure that the handle has a good grip and that the fuel tank is clean and also replace the air filter if required or replace the engine if its a push or riding mower. Just doing this once a year will help keep your mower running smoothly.

2. Keep The Gas Aideablesclean

Try to make sure that your mower’s fuel and oil mixes are clean at all times. If the mixture is sketchy then it will make your outdoor lawn mower work hard and likely increase the need for fuel and spark plugs and can be a potential health risk.

3. Your Mower Should Have A Clean  Oil Filter

Make sure that you change your oil filter on a regular basis. The filter will reduce the requirement for fuel to be used and increase the life and usefulness of your machine.

4. Mow the Yard to the Right Settings

Mowers have different settings for different lawn types. A windy lawn will require less height while a smooth surface will need more height. So it’s wise to use the right tool for the lawn type you have and for the height you are mowing.

Lawn Care Tools

6. Mow Often 

Mowers will cut grasses about 3 to 4 times per mowing cycle. A great idea is to cut very frequently. These will have great results but the lawn will not remain the same shape and look constantly. That is because the grass is growing naturally, therefore the top layer will remain fairly flat and you will have to wait for the grass to grow for it to look natural. If the blades of the lawnmower are kept too short or too tight, the lawn will look patchy and patchy. Then you’ll have to leave the lawn cutting for a few more days!

8. Dirty Mower

Keeping your lawnmowers clean is very important. You can use pressure washers for cleaning. You can also use detergent, water (diluted), and a stiff brush to clean your lawnmower. 

Lawns are very important parts of your garden. So it is a good idea to clean and maintain them to keep them healthy and pretty, as well as beautiful, the way that they are intended to look. Ever faced with rival lawn care problems with your lawn? Do not fret, ask for a professional lawn care services company or landscaping company. They will understand your problem and they can come up with an efficient solution for your lawn problems. 

Ham Radio Shack

How to Set up a Ham Radio Shack

Have you ever thought about setting up your own ham radio shack? You don’t have to be a handyman but you do need to have some idea of what you are trying to achieve in order to make your shack as pleasing and comfortable as possible. You are about to learn exactly how to set up your very own ham radio shack.

It is easy to think of radio as a dying medium in the internet age but nothing could be further from the truth. Just as e-readers didn’t quite manage to kill off books, the internet hasn’t quite managed to kill off the radio. In fact, the popularity of radio has been increasing in recent years, especially amateur radio or ham radio as it is also known.

In the early days of amateur radio, enthusiasts used to set aside a dedicated room to broadcast and receive radio signals from. They often referred to their rooms as shacks, hence the term ham radio shack. Not everyone requires an entire room for their hobby. A lot of it depends on the amount of equipment the enthusiast has and plans to use, for example. The other big factor is privacy and therein lies the real appeal of having a dedicated room or space.

Now, not many of us are lucky enough to have an entire room spare. That doesn’t mean, however, that we can’t have our very own ham radio shack, it just means we need to think outside the box and consider other areas for our radio equipment: garages, for example, attics, sheds and even unused cupboards may all be suitable places to convert into a ham radio shack. You just need to think like a handyman and visualize spaces that could be easily converted into a ham radio shack.

Let’s take a look at some of the things you need to consider when considering a suitable location for your ham radio shack.

Firstly, you need to think about the type of equipment that you are going to need such as transmitters and receivers, microphones, amps and so on. Think about the physical space you need for that equipment.

Next, think about the personal space you need around you so that you can sit comfortably and actually enjoy what you are doing. You won’t enjoy ham radio quite so much if you end up having to sit all cramped up for several hours at a time. Likewise, you don’t want your ham radio shack to be subject to extreme temperatures, hot or cold, not only because it will become very uncomfortable very quickly but also because the extreme temperature may well interfere with or even damage your equipment.

Next try to think about the practical things you will need such as mains power and shelving for your equipment. When it comes to the mains power, you are likely going to need a number of sockets and so it may be necessary for you to have additional sockets fitted. Even if you consider yourself a bit of a handyman, however, you should always leave electrical wiring to the professionals, particularly because you will likely be routing quite a bit of power through those sockets. If you are planning to use extension leads and socket adapters instead, never overload them. You don’t want to risk damaging your equipment with a power surge from an overloaded socket.

The other important thing to think about is lighting. You don’t want to be adjusting your equipment in the dark. Nor do you want the room flooded with light so that you emerge with a cracking headache several hours later. Instead look for an ambient light that is focused on the areas you are using your equipment in. A desk lamp is often ideal for example.

These are just some of the things you need to consider when setting up your ham radio shack but the most important thing to remember is to have fun. Your ham radio shack is your personal domain, it is your own private den. It has to be fit for purpose, of course, but it also has to be an area that you enjoy spending time in as you sit down and tune in.

A big thanks to Handyman Services Salem Oregon for building my dream ham radio shack! It turned out how I imagined it to be. Shout out to them for being very professional. They are also my go-to company when it comes to home repairs.

Ham Radio DIY

Beginners Tips to Ham Radio – Make Your Own

If you’ve some basic knowledge of circuits and common electrical components, then you can easily make your own ham radio. What’s even better? You don’t need a lot of equipment! Yes! You’ve read absolutely right! In this article, we are sharing some amazing tips to make a DIY ham radio from scratch!

Basically, you’ll need a total of five main components for building a ham radio station. These are as follows :

The Antenna

Antenna Tuner

Transmitter

Receiver

Operator

Transceiver

Transceiver is a combination of a transmitter and receiver. This equipment is used to broadcast to the outside world. Because it can both transmit and receive the signals, it is known as a transceiver.

1.Antenna

The first thing you’ll need is an antenna. You have two options – a directional antenna and an omnidirectional antenna. The basic difference between these two is, while directional antenna sends out signals in one direction, omnidirectional sends out in the signals in all directions. Depending on your budget, you can go for anyone.

However, make sure that you’ve properly checked the working of the antenna before you purchase it. Give priority to a high-quality antenna before anything else.

2.Antenna Tuner

Although many beginner-level ham radio doesn’t need an antenna tuner, it would be great to have a good-quality antenna tuner. It is a crucial component for making a working ham radio. It helps the radio to receive and transmit signals smoothly. It enhances the capability of the transmitter and receiver in terms of bands and frequencies.

You can get antenna tuners in different shapes and sizes, make sure to buy a decent but working one that fits into your budget.

3. The Operator – Get A License

To be able to operate a ham radio, you’ll require a license. Basically, there are three categories of license including :

Entry-level license – As the name suggests, it is the basic level license which is most recommended to the beginners. Using this, you’ll be able to communicate over a few HF bands.

General Class – It is the most commonly used license. To get this, you’ll have to pass the technician exam. With this, you will be able to get extra HF bands which are more than enough for a ham radio.

Advanced level – Finally, there is an advanced level license that allows you to access all the HF bands along with the full radio spectrum. You have to pass the technician exam and should have a few years of ham radio experience to get this.

4. Building The Circuit

If you’re a beginner, then we recommend you to use the DIY ham radio kits that are easily available online. These come with full instructions and step by step procedure to fully assist you. However, if you don’t want to use these kits, you can build the radio yourself as well. For this, learn and understand the circuit diagram. It will help you to connect all the components with ease.

And Voila!! Making a DIY ham radio is not as complicated as it sounds. With proper knowledge and some high-quality equipment, you can easily do it on your own. Follow the above-mentioned tips and start working on your own ham radio!

Ham Radio Operator

Why Everyone Should be a HAM Radio Operator

HAM Radio is also known as Amateur radio. For many people, it is a hobby that connects electronics, communications, and space. But this hobby becomes a key source of hope during natural disasters and human conflicts when every other mean of communication is disrupted. Because of the some key technologies involved, many people take to ham radio operation as a hobby. Apparently, the technology is simple and anyone can set up his HAM radio station and start communicating with the world. A Ham Radio Operator can also telecast weather bulletin or a short radio message to all those who are tuned to his band frequency.  

What can you do with HAM Radio?

If you are a HAM Radio hobbyist, it will open up the exciting field of practical physics. When you are active in your given frequency, you are more alert and trying to decipher what others are saying. Sometimes, some of you will like to broadcast meteorological information informing others about the weather conditions in your area. Through HAM radio, you can keep watch on what’s the weather condition in the space. Through you radio, you can send your signal to the moon and let it come back to you. Do you feel excited at the prospect? Yes, that’s Ham radio. You can set it up yourself and have the fun of being a scientist in your own right.

Here are some of the advantages of being a HAM radio enthusiast:

Communicate with the world

All communication systems such as WiFI, mobile, radars, TVs, etc. work within their given frequency band and they pay to the government for using their frequency band. Amateur radio operators also get a fixed frequency band along with their license, which allows the government to keep track of all licensed HAM radio operators. With this frequency band and radio license, HAM radio operators can transmit their messages to all those who are tuned to that frequency band. It can also receive messages from other operators in the same frequency band. This practically allows you to communicate with people across the world that is without the help of mobile or the Internet.

Transmit images

While you can send voice communications and coded messages across the globe, you can further up the game by transmitting an image to the other end. You can transmit images by coded audio messages for which various coding techniques are available.

EME Communication

Earth has a natural satellite in moon. We all know the radio waves bounce back when they hit a surface. In this case, radio waves sent to the moon bounce back after heating the moon’s surface. Since moon has quite a big surface, it’s a huge reflector for radio waves sitting above us. Anyone on the earth who is able to view the moon will be able to receive the signal on their radio. For this EME communication, all you need to do is send a radio wave to the moon and wait for it return.  

Final thoughts

HAM radio operation is a useful and interesting hobby. Through this, you can keep a network of communication open even when most other networks have lost their way. HAM radio operations is a one-man show and that’s why in the case of a natural disaster or human conflicts when ordinary networks of communications are down, even one Ham Radio Operator can establish a connection with the rest of the world. All this makes a case for everyone should be a HAM radio operator.

Tips When Building your first ham radio

10 Tips For Building Your First Ham Radio

Building your first ham radio can be pretty confusing for the first time builders. There are many suggestions and tips on the internet which can be overwhelming for the first time builders. I have curated below a detailed guide on how to build your first Ham Radio from Dummies.com. This is the guide that I have also read when I started building my first ham radio so I know that this will be a big help for those who are just starting out. This will also help you save some money from buying the wrong things that you might not need in the end.

Be flexible

Don’t assume that you’ll be doing the same activities on the air forever. Here are a few tips on flexibility:

  • Avoid using specialized gear except where it’s required for a specific type of operating or function.
  • Use a computer and software for things that are likely to change, like operating on the digital modes.
  • Don’t neglect grounding and bonding — build this in as the first step. It’s harder to do later and having it in place makes it easy to change the equipment layout.
  • Try a different layout to see if something works better — you’re allowed to change your mind! You might find a new arrangement to be more comfortable or convenient.
  • Leave some budget for “surprises,” like a special cable or a power distribution box. You never know what a new interest or operating style will bring.

When starting out you do not know yet what you are really doing so leaving room for flexibility and changes will be a good thing to do. There are a lot of things that I changed since I started. Leave some emergency budget just in case there are unforeseen expenses that are necessary but already out of your budget.

Study other stations

Browse the web for articles and videos that show how other stations are put together and operated. Make note of any particularly good ideas. Don’t be intimidated by big stations, because they started out as small stations!

Be friendly to the other stations and don’t be shy to ask them questions. They would be much willing to help you out and answer some questions for you. More people getting interested in the game is better and more fun for everyone.

Learn about those extra functions

You paid for all those nifty features and controls — learn how they work and put them to work for you. Here are some common examples:

  • MON: Short for Monitor, this button is usually close to a handheld transceiver’s PTT switch. It opens the squelch so you can listen for a weak station without changing the usual squelch level.
  • Memory write: You should practice transferring your VFO settings to a memory channel. On VHF/UHF this is good practice for public service operating. On HF, you can use this when chasing a DXpedition or making a schedule. Learn how to do this without referring to the manual.
  • Noise blankers and noise reduction: Turning these on and off is easy but did you know they are adjustable? Controlling the sensitivity and level of these functions customizes them for the noise at your location. You should also be skilled at adjusting the radio’s RF gain and AGC for HF operation. Know where the preamp and attenuator controls are, too.
  • Adjustable filters: Since most new radios use DSP, filters are smoothly adjustable, can be offset above and below your operating frequency, and different settings stored for later use. After you become skilled at using these functions, you’ll wonder how you lived without them!
  • Voice and Morse messages: Many radios can store messages and play them back. If you are operating in a contest or special event, this ability is very handy. Some radios can record audio off the air, too. While you’re at it, learn how to use your radio’s internal Morse keyer.
  • Custom setups: Your radio may be able to save its operating configuration on a memory card or internally. This allows you to create custom setups for casual operating, public service nets, contesting, mobile operating, and so forth. It sure saves a lot of button pressing!

Sometimes we get easily overwhelmed and forget to explore all the functions of the equipment’s and gears that we have. It also happened to me, after buying the equipment I am so excited to use it that I did not explore all the functions and after some time I was surprised to find out the other things that it could do. This is a common mistake for beginners and even for some veterans.

Shop for used-equipment bargains

If you have a knowledgeable friend who can help you avoid worn-out and inadequate gear, buying used equipment is a great way to get started. Purchasing used gear from a dealer who offers a warranty is also a good option. Saving money now leaves you more cash for exploring new modes and bands later.

You can save a lot of money by buying 2nd hand equipment rather than buying a brand new one. The only problem is you might encounter obsolete or poorly performing equipment. The good thing with buying brand new is that you will be spared from all the hassle if in case you have bought a defective equipment.

Build something yourself

Using equipment that you build yourself is a thrill. Start small by building accessory projects such as audio switches, filters, and keyers. Building things yourself can save you some money, too. Don’t be afraid to get out the drill and soldering iron. You can find lots of kits, web articles, magazines, and books of projects to get you started.

This is the most exciting part of the game. I love building things and you will discover a lot of things by trying to build something by yourself. There are a lot of diy guides in the internet and even youtube which will make it easier.

Save cash by building your own cables

You need lots of cables and connectors in your station. At a cost of roughly $5 or more for each premade cable, you can quickly spend as much on connecting your equipment as you can on purchasing a major accessory. Learn how to install your own connectors on cables, and you’ll save many, many dollars over the course of your ham career. Plus, you’ll be better able to troubleshoot and make repairs.

It is very easy to install and connect your equipment rather than by buying those ready-made ones. The good thing about it is that you will be able to make your own troubleshooting and repair simple problems with your station unlike if you bought ready-made ones.

Build step by step

After you have the basics of your station in place, upgrade your equipment in steps so that you can always hear a little farther than you can transmit. Don’t be an alligator (all mouth, no ears). Plan with a goal in mind so that your ham radio dollars and hours all work to further that goal. Remember that the biggest bang for your ham radio buck is often improving the antenna!

Make yourself comfortable

You’re going to spend a lot of hours in front of your radio, so take care of yourself, too. Start with a comfortable chair. Excellent chairs are often available in used-office-furniture stores at substantial discounts. Also, make sure that you have adequate lighting and that the operating desk is at a comfortable height. The dollars you spend will pay dividends every time you go on the air.

It doesn’t matter how much you have spent in building your station. What is the most important is if you are comfortable in your setup. Imagine, you will be spending most of your time sitting in front of your radio and it will not make sense even if you have bought the most expensive equipment if you are not even comfortable in your station.

I hope this is a big help to those who want to start building their first ham radio.

how-to-win-in-ham-radio-contest

How to Win in a Ham Radio Contest

The world of Ham Radio is a fascinating one, year after year new radio aficionados keep getting invested and joining the world of amateur radio broadcasting, there is an undeniably appeal to the old school nature and spirit that the tuning and microphone offer that just isn’t available in other hobbies. However if there’s one facet of it that undeniably puts all longtime and new fans to the test then that definitely is ham radio contesting, to newcomers the idea might sound weird, as radio isn’t necessarily competitive in nature, but those already in the world will know that amateur radio contesting has a long tradition behind it, and started as early as the 1920s.

Ham radio contesting largely consists of a team of radio operators making quick and efficient two-way communication with other stations, and is a great way to meet other people and groups with a similar passion. But if you want to make it big and win, then you have to be more than ready. Experience is always important sure, but there are also many other tips to keep in mind that will help you do your best, and thankfully we have gathered the best ones right here.

The first one might sound silly, but it does matter, remember to be kind and polite, the people participating are all fans like you, and likely doing it out of passion, so don’t let the heat get to you, it’s important to remain calm when contacting new stations and it’s important to remember the basic radio etiquette, make sure your gear provides a clean signal and make sure to confirm their frequency is clear, rushing in might just make you lose the race in the long way.

Search for new signals, when you are amateur radio contesting you will need a lot of signals to check and call, and finding them efficiently will give you a huge advantage against your competitors, there’s a few ways out there to find more signals, but make sure they are allowed in the contest rules, logging software can help you build a map of frequencies, alternatively, you will need to practice your manual search and pounce abilities, sure, it’s manually tuning, but it’s the most reliable way in the end, and being fast at it will grant you many valuable seconds.

Ham Radio Operator
Radio Contesting
Amateur Radio Contest

Be efficient when talking, it’s normal to get nervous in a competition, that’s why it’s important to properly prepare, rehearse what you’ll want to say and to learn the proper nomenclature. The faster you communicate the faster you can move on. Deliver your sentences smoothly and confidently, at a consistent speed. Consistency ultimately matters more than speed, talking fast might just make others confused, what matters is that you don’t get flustered or mumble while talking.

Make sure to check all your equipment, it should come as obvious, but it’s easy to overlook. Competition starts with prior preparation, and any small inconvenience your gear might have that don’t bother you in casual use can prove to be an issue in ham radio contesting. Know your gear, and make sure it’s in top shape, amateur radio contesting can be hard, but it’s a lot of fun to all involved. And as long as you keep your skills and your gear in top shape, you will already be ahead of the competition, so follow our tips and do your best.

What is Ham Radio Contesting?

The best explanation about Ham Radio Contesting was written by by Rick Tavan N6XI. Here is what is his explanation of what radio contesting is:

Amateur radio is licensed use of radio communication for personal satisfaction and public service. It has its own unique form of competition.  Radio contesting, or “radiosport” as it is known by some, offers an opportunity to demonstrate skills in station building, operating tactics, physical endurance and strategy. Although strongly contested by thousands of enthusiasts and casual participants, typical prizes are just plaques, certificates, published score listings and the occasional bottle of wine.  We do it more for personal satisfaction, the excitement of the chase and the admiration of our peers than for any more tangible reward. 

In a radio contest, a sponsoring organization designates a time period ranging from a few hours to a full weekend during which amateurs in various geographic areas will attempt to contact each other.  Each contact is worth one or more points which are multiplied by the number of different places contacted.  The highest scores in each of several entry categories win.

Each contest defines these “multiplier” places differently.  For example, in the ARRL Sweepstakes a place is one of 80 “sections” of the US and Canada, each section being all or part of a state, province or territory.  In most worldwide contests, each country is considered a unique multiplier.  There are fascinating strategies for deciding when to seek new multipliers and when to make more contacts as quickly as possible.

Each contact is very brief, with the communicating stations exchanging only a few prescribed tidbits of information.  Some contests allow multiple contacts between the same pair of stations, provided each contact is on a different frequency “band.”  This makes sense because the different bands often have dramatically different signal propagation characteristics. (Consider, for example, the familiar AM and FM broadcast bands in commercial radio. The FM band is purely local but at night you can hear signals on the AM band from a thousand miles away.)  It is not uncommon for a contestant to make several thousand contacts in the course of a weekend contest.  There is nothing like the thrill of having station after station respond to your calls, pushing your “rate” up to several hundred contacts per hour.  Nothing, that is, except the equal thrill of hearing a rare multiplier come back to you through a “pileup” of a hundred or more stations.

Sponsor

The sponsor also defines different categories of competition.  The sine qua non is Single Operator, All Band, often separated into High Power and Low Power divisions, and these categories usually attract the largest numbers of entrants. Some operate from their own home stations while others operate as guests at other stations.  However, there are usually other categories including various multi-operator team arrangements in which two or more amateurs share operating responsibilities.  In the larger contests (those with the most participants) there also may be Single-Band categories.  Some contest rules stipulate voice contacts only while others are for Morse code or various digital communication modes.  Some involve multiple modes at the same time.  All competitors contact each other during the contest period, regardless of their categories, but the results segregate efforts in different categories and award prizes accordingly.  It is somewhat like age, gender and distance categories in citizen races.  

Most worldwide contest communication is in English. However, the required vocabulary is very small, under 100 words, so most amateurs in the world are quite capable of competing without a significant language barrier. This is even more the case when using Morse code.

Skills To Win in Ham Radio Contest

Skill in radiosport comprises several factors.  Most notable is operating ability – knowing where to tune the radio, when to solicit callers, when to seek out others who are soliciting calls.  This requires a knowledge of radio propagation, “good ears” for separating multiple conflicting signals that are often weak or compromised by atmospheric noise and fading, experience with the dynamics of each contest and excellent hand-eye-ear coordination to move quickly around the frequency spectrum, record contacts in a log, send Morse code or type or speak clearly and rapidly and so on.  Some contests last as long as 48 hours and become endurance sports.  The skills are demanding and hard to maintain over such a long period with little or no rest.  The most serious contesters, like athletes, train diligently between events.  Although physical strength is not a factor, most of the other attributes of athletics come very strongly into play. 

As in car, boat or airplane racing, skills are not the only factors determining a winning effort.  Equipment and location are also  very important.  In a radio contest, it is common for several competitors to call the same station at once.  Although timing is important in determining who gets through first, the most important thing is to have the loudest signal.  This requires a good radio, the maximum power allowed under the rules and, above all else, effective antennas.  Different types of antennas work best in specific locations and some locations, say at the bottom of a deep canyon, are just hopeless for radio work.  A winning station is well equipped, well maintained and endowed with a variety of good antennas in a location that helps them to work well.

Equipments Needed

Modern contest stations include extensive computer automation. Computers maintain the “log” of contacts which is submitted at the end to the sponsoring organization for adjudication. That includes checking accuracy and eliminating contacts recorded in error. Computers also check call signs to help prevent duplicates during the contest, help to control the radios, send contest exchanges without the need for speaking or manual sending and interface with world-wide “spotting” networks that report the frequencies currently in use by various participants. Modern contesting has been described as “the ultimate, highly-distributed, multi-player computer game.” Recent developments now make it possible to follow some participants’ scores in real-time during a contest, potentially turning radio contesting into a spectator sport, albeit of interest mainly to hams.

Most participants in contests, like citizen racers, have no expectation of winning.  They operate from modest stations in unexceptional locations for only a fraction of the contest period.  Yet the thousands of them who get on the air for only a few hours of fun and practice make the sport exciting for the hundreds who operate around the clock seeking a personal best or a victory in their categories and locations. 

The Ugly Truth to Radio Contesting

Finally, I need to confess the deep, dark, secret shame of radio contesting as a “sport.”  There is no “level playing field.”  Because of the physics of radio signal propagation and the demographics of the world, competitors in some locations can have a huge advantage over those elsewhere.  A degree of skill and effort that makes 1000 contacts from California might well result in 4000 contacts from an identically equipped station on a Caribbean island.  Simple rule changes can not “fix” this.  For this reason, most contest sponsors recognize winners in different geographic areas such as the entire world, each continent, each country, state or artificial section or zone.  This helps competitors to compare their results with peers who are on a roughly equal geographic footing, without denying that someone indeed “won the world.”  It is far from perfect but it helps a lot.  It keeps the competition interesting and the inequities have not discouraged thousands of amateurs from participating enthusiastically.  In fact, some enjoy traveling to exotic locations which offer an advantage as much as others enjoy building capable stations and antennas at home.  A “contest expedition” is the highlight of many contesters’ year.  See the sidebar for some of my own international radiosport adventures.